The Association of Serum Hepcidin Levels and Insulin Resistance in PCOS Patients: A Case-Control Study

  • Batool Hossein Rashidi Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Soheila Shams Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mamak Shariat Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Maryam Bagheri Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Marziyeh Mohebi Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Fedyeh Haghollahi Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: PCOS, Hepcidin, Serum Insulin, Insulin Resistance


Objective: To investigate the relationship between insulin resistance and hepcidin levels in patients with PCOS.Materials and methods: In this case–control study fifty- six patients with PCOS and forty – one healthy control subjects were included. Plasma levels of hepcidin, IL-6, Serum Insulin and ferritin using ELISA method, serum iron levels using a spectrophotometric method, and Insulin resistance by using HOMA  were measured in the two groups of PCOS (case group) and  healthy subjects (control group). The results were analyzed by student’s t-test, General Linear Model, Binary logistic and linear regression tests.Results: The mean hepcidin level was 1.97 ± 0.53 pg/ml and 2.40 ± 0.25pg/ml in the case and control groups, respectively. The t-test results showed a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.0001). The mean of insulin level in case and control group was 30.65 ± 15.02g/dl and 14.71 ± 10.46g/dl, respectively. The t-test analysis indicated a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.0001). There was an inverse relationship between the level of hepcidin with HOMA-IR (β = -0.629, p = 0.04), and IL-6 (β = -0.243, p = 0.015) in both groups. The adjusted OR proved a statistically significant association between serum hepcidin (OR = 0.063; 95 % CI: 0.01-0.385, p-value  =  0. 003) and HOMA (OR  =  1.569; 95 % CI: 1.254–1.964, p-value  =  0.001) with PolycysticOvarian Syndrome.Conclusion: There was an inverse relationship between hepcidin levels and insulin resistance in both groups meaning decrease in hepcidin levels and increase in insulin resistance may increase the risk of PCOS.


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How to Cite
Rashidi B, Shams S, Shariat M, Bagheri M, Mohebi M, Haghollahi F. The Association of Serum Hepcidin Levels and Insulin Resistance in PCOS Patients: A Case-Control Study. J Fam Reprod Health. 12(4):210-216.
Original Articles