Male Participation in Contraception in an Eastern Province of Turkey
AbstractObjective: The aim of this study was to determine men’s knowledge, attitudes and practice towards family planning in a province of north-eastern Turkey. Materials and Methods: This descriptive research was carried on 801 volunteers amongst men of reproductive age living in a city with a total population of 80,000 men. Data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire that addressed men’s roles, attitudes and behaviors towards family planning. Results: The most commonly used contraceptives were condom (36.8%) and withdrawal (27.3%) methods in single men. Married men reported relying more on female methods and they were more satisfied with the method they used. The idea of shared responsibility in family planning was more appreciated by single men. The role of family as a source of knowledge about family planning was low in both groups. Married men were more against vasectomy and condom while single men had more negative attitudes towards using hormone pills for men if produced in the future.Conclusion: Comprehensive projects are needed to improve male participation in family planning, especially in male dominant cultures. This must be seen as a golden key in the reproductive health programs.
Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS-2003), Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies, Ankara, 2004.
Society for Sexual Education, Treatment and Research-SSETR, Sexual Health & Reproductive Health Research Project, 2006 .
Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing Declaration, Beijing, 1995.
International Conference on Population and Development-ICPD, Programme of Action. Cairo, 1994.
UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund, Programme and Activities 2004, UNFPA State of World Population, Partnering with Boys and Men, 2005 .
Erbil N, Top F. University students’ knowledge, attitude and behaviors about family planning. 3rd International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2003: p. 21 .
Gokengin D, Yamazhan T, Ozkaya D and Aytug S. Sexual Knowledge, Attitude and Risk Behaviors of Students in Turkey. Journal of School Health 2003; 73 : 258-64.
Karaduman F, Terzioglu F. Determination the knowledge and practices of Hacettepe University last grade students related to emergency contraception. International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2004: 71 .
Oksuz E, Malhan S. Unprotected sex relationship frequency and impact factors. International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2004: 35.
Aksu H, Gunes Z, Sarikaya S. Aile Planlamasi Danismanlik Hizmetini Etkileyen Faktorlerin Incelenmesi [Determining factors effecting family planning counselling services]. 4th International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2005: 51.
Ozcebe H, Akin A. Women and men unequity and participation of men in reproductive health. 3rd International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2003: 85-91.
Ceylan Y, Tekbas A. Complementary approach to family planning; participation of men. Saglik ve Toplum [The Journal of Health and Society] 2000; 10: 16-21.
Ungan M, Yaman H. AIDS knowledge and educational needs of technical university students in Turkey. Patient Education and Counseling 2003; 51: 163-7.
Can N. Male involvement in family planning in Turkey [Dissertation], Ankara University, 2001.
International Planned Parenthood Federation ( IPPF). Target: adolescent boys. Forum 2001; 15: 10. Retrieved August 2006 from http://www.ippfwhr.org.
Ardahan M. Male participation in the reproductive health: The contraceptive pills for men. 4th International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2005: 51.
Yanikkerem E. The investigation university student’s level of knowledge on family planning sexually transmitted disease and sexual experience. 3rd International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2003: 9.
Ozaydin Gulersoy AN, Aslan YB, Elshair AA, Hashim MA. A descriptive study of university students about their knowledge on reproductive health and assessment of their needs. The 8th Congress of the European Society of Contraception. 2004: 266.
Ortayli N, Bulut A, Ozugurlu M, Cokar M. Why withdrawal? Why not withdrawal? Men's perspectives. Reproductive Health Matters 2005; 13: 164-73.
Aytekin NT, Pala K, Irgil E, Aytekin H. Family planning choices and some characteristics of coitus interruptus users in Gemlik, Turkey. Women’s Health Issues 2001; 11: 442-7.
Mannan HR. Factors in contraceptive method choice in Bangladesh: goals, competence, evaluation and access. Contraception 2002; 65: 57 - 364.
Pasinlioglu T, Bulbul F. Ciftlerin Aile Planlamasi Yontemlerini Birakma Nedenleri [Couples’ reasons for leaving family planning methods]. 3rd International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2003: SB-17 .
Sayan A, Uludag C, Sahin S, Altunisik R. Erkeklerin Kontraseptif Yontem Kullanimindaki Rolleri, Dusunceleri, Tutum ve Davranislari [Men’s roles, attitudes and behaviours towards contraceptive use]. 3rd International Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2003: SB-12.
Turkistanli E. Aile planlamasi konusunda kacirilmis firsatlarin yakalanmasinda hemsirenin danismanlik rolu. [Nurses’ role of counselling to catch the missed opportunities about family planning]. Hemsirelik Ebelik Egitim ve Uygulamalarinda Kalite Sempozyumu [Quality in Nursing & Midwifery Education and Practice Symposium]. Kayseri, 1998: 345-55.
Gunay T, Kilic B, Kartal M, Sahin A. Seferihisar Jandarma Muharebe Er Eğitim Taburu’ndaki erlerin aile planlaması konusundaki bilgi düzeyleri. [Soldiers’ knowledge of family planning in Seferihisar]. 3rdInternational Congress of Reproductive Health & Family Planning. Ankara, 2003.
Mistik S, Nacar M, Mazicioglu M, Cetinkaya F. Married men’s opinions and involvement regarding family planning in rural areas. Contraception 2003; 67: 133-7.
Sankazan S. Ankara ili Elmadag ilcesi Deliler Koyundeki evli erkeklerin aile planlamasi ile ilgili bilgi ve tutumlarinin degerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of the knowledge and attitudes of married men living in the Deliler village of Ankara]. Ankara University Institute of Health Sciences Master Thesis, Ankara, 2001.
Mogilevkina I, Tyden T, Odlind V. Ukrainian medical students' experiences, attitudes, and knowledge about reproductive health Journal of American College Health 2001; 49 : 269-72.
Coskun A. Universitelerin tip, hemsirelik, ebelik ve eczacilik temel egitim programlarinda aile planlamasi egitiminin yeri [The place of family planning education in the curriculums of the faculty of medicine, nursing and pharmacist schools]. FNHYO Hemsirelik Dergisi, [The Journal of FNHYO] 1996; 141-9.
Siegel DM, Klein DI, Roghmann KJ. Sexual behavior, contraception, and risk among college students. Journal of Adolescent Health 1999; 25 : 336-43.
TAPD-Türkiye Aile Planlamasi Dernegi Bilgi Bankasi. Gençlerin Cinsel Sağlık Konularında Bilgi Düzeylerinin Arttırılması Projesi [The project of improving sexual health knowledge in youth], 2006. [Cited 2 Dec 2006.] Available from URL: http://www.tapd.org.tr/bilgi_bank.htm
Moushiroud AP. Sexuality education: Worldwide implementation. Society for Sexual Education, Treatment and Research- SSETR. 2000.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Deve-lopment (NICHD), Facts about Vasectomy Safety. 2006. [Cited August 17 2006.] Available from URL: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/vasect.htm
Brechin S, Bigrigg A. Male and female sterilization. Current Obstetrics & Gynecology 2006; 16 : 39 -46.
Scott A, Glaster A. Contraceptive sterilization: global issues and trends. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2003; 81 : 31 - 8.
Mbizvo MT, Adamchak DJ. Condom use and acceptance: a survey of male Zimbabweans. The Central African Journal of Medicine 1989, 35: 418-28.
Kadioglu TC. Erkeklere dogum kontrol hapi geliyor, [Birth control pills are coming for men] 2006, [Cited 22 March 2006.] Available from URL: http://www.haber3.com/haber.php?haber_id=93439
Waites G. Development of methods of male contraception: impact of the World Health Organization Task Force. Fertility and Sterility 2003; 80: 1-15.
Anderson RA, Baird UT. Progress towards a male pill. IPPF Medical J Bulletin 1997; 3: 3.