Pattern of Breastfeeding in Infants Conceived by Assisted Reproductive Techniques at Royan Institute from birth to 6 months in Tehran - Iran

  • Ramin Kermani Mail Department of Child Health Research, Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR), Te
  • Leila Nedaeifard Child Health Research Department of ACECR, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahbobeh Tehrani Child Health Research Department of ACECR, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Nateghi General practitioner, Child Health Research Department of ACECR, Tehran, Iran
  • Abolhassan Fazeli Genetics Department, Reproductive Medicine Research Center, Royan Institute, (ACECR), Tehran, Iran
Keywords:
Assisted Reproductive Techniques, Infants, Breastfeeding, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Growth

Abstract

Objective: To determine the pattern of breastfeeding in infants who conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART).Materials and methods: In a cross-sectional study, 312 infants were selected by the non-random consecutive method from ART infants who referred by Royan institute to Child Health Research Department. Infants were born between Septembers 2007and September 2009 in Tehran. Infant nutrition, mother age, ART techniques, birth growth indexes, beginning time and the kind of nutrition and growth pattern until 6 months were considered.Results: Breastfed infants were 110(35.2%), 46(14.7%) ones were formula fed and 156(50%) were both. The rate of breastfeeding on the first day after birth in neonates with the low birth weight were less than normal birth weight ones .Approximately 36.8% of infants who had normal increase of weight and height till 6 months, began feeding on the first day of life. Mothers' age and ART technique did not affect the beginning time and kind of infants feeding.Conclusion: The most important factor which affects ART infants' nutrition pattern is their birth weight. The beginning time of feeding affects their weight and length increase till 6 months. Based on reproductive techniques, breastfeeding was similar in different methods of ART.

References

Olang B, Farivar K, Heidarzadeh A, Strandvik B,Yngve A. Breastfeeding in

Iran: prevalence, duration and current recommendations. Int Breastfeed J. 2009;4:8.

Koosha A, Hashemifesharaki R, Mousavinasab N.Breast-feeding patterns and factors determining exclusive breast-feeding. Singapore Med J.2008;49:1002-6.

Marandi A, Afzali HM, Hossaini AF. The reasons for early weaning among mothers in Teheran. Bull World Health Organ. 1993;71:561-9.

Veghari g, mansourian a, Abdollahi a. Breastfeeding status and some related factors in northern Iran. Oman Medical Journal 2011; 26:342-8.

. Karaçam Z. Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged zero to four months: a community-based study of Turkish women. J Clin Nurs 2008; 17:341-9.

Gökçay G, Turan JM, Partalci A, Neyzi O. Growth of infants during the first year of life according to feeding regimen in the first 4 months. J Trop Pediatr 2003;49:6-12.

Donma MM, Donma O. Infant feeding and growth: a study on Turkish infants from birth to 6 months.Pediatr Int 1999; 41:542-8.

Tantracheewathorn S. Growth of breast-fed and formula-fed infants compared with national growth references of Thai children. J Med Assoc Thai 2005; 88:168-75.

Papaligoura Z, Panopoulou-Maratou O, Solman M,Arvaniti K, Sarafidou J.

Cognitive development of 12 month old Greek infants conceived after ICSI and the effects of the method on their parents. Hum Reprod 2004;19:1488-93.

Hwang WJ, Chung WJ, Kang DR, Suh MH. Factors affecting breastfeeding rate and duration. Journal of Preventive Medicine Public Health 2006; 39; 74-80.

Hruschka DJ, Sellen DW, Stein AD,Martorell R .Delayed onset of lactation and risk of ending full breastfeeding early in rural Guatemala. J Nutr 2003; 133:2592-9.

Dennis CL. Breastfeeding initiation and duration: A 1990-2000 literature review. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2002; 31:12-32.

Omer-Salim A, Persson L A, Olsson P. whom can I rely on? Mothers’ approaches to support for feeding: An interview study in suburban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Midwifery 2007; 23:172-83.

Yngve A, Sjöström M. Breastfeeding in countries of the European Union and EFTA: current and proposed recommendations, rationale, prevalence, duration and trends. Public Health Nutr 2001; 4:631-45.

Ludvigsson JF. Breastfeeding intentions, patterns, and determinants in infants visiting hospitals in La Paz, Bolivia. BMC Pediatr 2003; 3:5.

Currò V, Lanni R, Scipione F,Grimaldi V,Mastrolacovo P. Randomized controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of a booklet on the duration of breastfeeding. Arch Dis Child 1997; 76:500-3.

Afzal M, Quddusi AI, Iqbal M, Sultan M. Breast feeding patterns in a military hospital. J Coll PhysiciansSurg Pak 2006; 16:128-31.

Chye JK, Lim CT. Breastfeeding at 6 months and effects on infection. Singapore Med J 1998; 39:551-6.

Li R, Darling N, Maurice E,Barker L,Grummer-Strawn LM.Breastfeeding rates in the United States by characteristics of the child, mother, or family: The 2002 National Immunization Survey. Pediatrics 2005; 115:e31-7.

How to Cite
1.
Kermani R, Nedaeifard L, Tehrani M, Nateghi MR, Fazeli A. Pattern of Breastfeeding in Infants Conceived by Assisted Reproductive Techniques at Royan Institute from birth to 6 months in Tehran - Iran. J Fam Reprod Health. 6(3):105-109.
Section
Original Articles