The Effects of a Peer-Counseling Program on Increase Rate and Continuity of Lactation in Tehran Nursing Mothers
Objective: The practice of breastfeeding is considered a blessing since its effects on health are well recognized and applies to both mothers and infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of peer support and training on breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity.
Materials and methods: This community-based clinical trial, (IRCT No: 201504049568N12), was conducted during 2015 in the Municipality of Tehran 19 District. First, a total of 150 mothers with their infants from 4 to 20 months of age were asked to complete a questionnaire, which included the demographic characteristics, educational level, and the type of lactation, the initial age of infant for breastfeeding, and the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Afterwards, 25 volunteer women were selected for lactation counseling. After
6 months, another sample of 116 nursing mothers in the region who had received peer counseling was selected and questioned through the previously mentioned questionnaire. Finally, the results, which were collected from the behavior of the target population before and after the intervention, were compared.
Results: The results of the present study indicated that the nursing mothers who received peer counseling proved to have longer durations of breastfeeding (P-value = 0.039), and higher frequency of first hour initiation of breastfeeding (P-value = 0.003) however, the volunteer counselors were mainly housewives who had lower levels of education (P-value = 0.009) and were younger (P-value = 0.009) than those of untrained control group.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated the significant effect of peer counseling on breastfeeding initiation and continuation. It is suggested that lactation training could be initiated during the prenatal period along with the conventional methods of training.
2. Marandi SA, Azizi F, Jamshidi HR, Larijani MB. Health in Islamic Republic of Iran. Tehran: UNICEF, 1998: 149-53.
3. Breastfeeding promotion society. Breastfeeding promotion education package. Tehran: UNICEF, 2009: 18-21.
4. Rashidian A. Health observatory: First report I.R. Iran Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey. Tehran: The Ministry of Health and Medical Education, 2010: 118.
5. Chapman DJ, Morel K, Anderson AK, Damio G, Pérez-Escamilla R. Review: Breastfeeding Peer Counseling: From Efficacy Through Scale-Up. J Hum Lact 2010; 26: 314–26.
6. Chapman DJ, Damio G, Pérez-Escamilla R. Differential Response to Breastfeeding Peer Counseling Within a Low-Income, Predominantly Latina Population. J Hum Lact 2004; 20: 389–96.
7. Bolton TA, Chow T, Benton PA, Olson BH. Characteristics Associated with Longer Breastfeeding Duration: An Analysis of a Peer Counseling Support Program. J Hum Lact 2009; 25: 18–27.
8. Imanzadeh F, Farivar Kh, Farivar M. The collection of prescriptions and clinical guide for maternal breastfeeding based on academic protocols of American Breastfeeding Association. Tehran: Iranian Breastfeeding Society, 1393.
9. Haider R, Kabir I, Huttly SRA, Ashworth A. Training Peer Counselors to Promote and Support Exclusive Breastfeeding in Bangladesh. J Hum Lact 2002; 18: 7–12.
10. Shaw E, Kaczorowski J. The Effect of a Peer Counseling Program on Breastfeeding Initiation and Longevity in a Low-income Rural Population. J Hum Lact 1999; 15: 19–25.
11. Tarrant RC, Younger KM, Sheridan-Pereira M, Kearney JM. Factors Associated With Duration of Breastfeeding in Ireland. J Hum Lact 2011; 27: 262–71.
12. Oniwon O, Tender JAF, He J, Voorhees E, Moon RY. Reasons for Infant Feeding Decisions in Low-Income Families in Washington, DC. J Hum Lact 2016; 32: 704–10.
13. Tang L, Lee AH, Binns CW. Factors associated with breastfeeding duration: a prospective cohort study in Sichuan Province, China. World J Pediatr 2015; 11: 232–8.
14. Loke AY, Chan LS. Maternal Breastfeeding Self‐Efficacy and the Breastfeeding Behaviors of Newborns in the Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2013; 42: 672–84.
15. Lau Y, Htun TP, Lim PI, Ho-Lim S, Klainin-Yobas P. Maternal, Infant Characteristics, Breastfeeding Techniques, and Initiation: Structural Equation Modeling Approaches. Faragher EB, editor. PLoS One 2015; 10: e0142861.
|Issue||Vol 13, No 4 (December 2019)|
|Lactation Exclusive Breastfeeding Counseling|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|