Journal of Family and Reproductive Health 2016. 10(3):146-153.

Journey to Motherhood in the First Year After Child Birth
Nahid Javadifar, Fereshteh Majlesi, Alireza Nikbakht, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Montazeri

Abstract


Objective: Child bearing is a period of psychological challenges that must be viewed in a social context. This study reports the maternal transition from the perspective of Iranian first-time mothers in the first year after childbirth.
Materials and methods: Qualitative method was chosen for explanation of mothers’ individual experiences of motherhood.26 first-time mothers (aged 18-35 years old with various socio-economic status) who had delivered between 0-1 year prior to the interviews participated in the study.Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews and interview transcripts were analyzed using the constant comparison method.
Results: The core category was called "Regaining advanced balance." There were several themes within this category: "internal conflicts", "encounter and interaction" and "internalization". They felt unpreparedness, lack of control over their lives, incomplete maternal feelings and unstable relation to their husbands and others. Within the first postpartum days and weeks a sort of attachment develops between mother and child as the mother starts to attain a better understanding of maternal feelings; she begins to accept the child as an independent identity and reconstructs herself. As the attachment to child deepens, the mother feels control over the affairs. She realizes a kind of development and integration in herself which specifically stems from becoming a mother and attempts to strengthen family bonds.
Conclusion: Through the expression of new mothers’ experiences toward motherhood, healthcare providers can reach a better perception of the emotional and psychological changes as well as the various aspects of mothers’ acceptance of their maternal role and helps a better preparation and presentation of effective training programs for mothers and families.


Keywords


Motherhood; Child Birth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Susman JL. Postpartum depressive disorders. J Fam Pract 1996; 43:S17-24.

Deave T, Johnson D, Ingram J. Transition to parenthood: the needs of parents in pregnancy and early parenthood. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2008; 8:30.

Pridham KF, Chang AS. Transition to being the mother of a new infant in the first 3 months: maternal problem solving and self-appraisals. J Adv Nurs 1992; 17:204-16.

Pridham KF, Lytton D, Chang AS, Rutledge D. Early postpartum transition: progress in maternal identity and role attainment. Res Nurs Health 1991; 14:21-31.

Schumacher KL, Meleis AI. Transitions: a central concept in nursing. Image J Nurs Sch 1994; 26: 119-27.

Mercer RT. The process of maternal role attainment over the first year. Nurs Res 1985;34:198-204.

Mercer RT. Becoming a mother versus maternal role attainment. J Nurs Scholarsh 2004;36:226-32.

Strauss A, Corbin J. Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, 2nd edn. SAGE Publications, 1998.

Darvill R, Skirton H, Farrand P. Psychological factors that impact on women's experiences of first-time motherhood: a qualitative study of the transition. Midwifery 2010;26:357-66.

Delmore-Ko P, Pancer SM, Hunsberger B, Pratt M. Becoming a parent: the relation between prenatal expectations and postnatal experience J Fam Psychol 2000;14:625-40.

Nyström K, Ohrling K. Parenthood experiences during the child's first year: literature review. J Adv Nurs 2004;46:319-30.

Thorstensson S, Hertfelt Wahn E, Ekstrom A, Langius Eklof A. Evaluation of the Mother-to-Infant relation and feeling scale: Interviews with first-time mothers for feelings and relation to their baby three days after birth. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery2012; 4: 8-15.

Jarvis P, Risley K, Creasy G .Parenting stressors, coping strategies, and mother-infant interactions in two groups of breastfeeding mothers. Infant Behav Dev1996; 19: 525.

Francis-Connolly, E. It never ends: Mothering as a life time occupation.Scand J OccupTher 1998: 5; 149-55.

Sethi S. The dialectic in becoming a mother: experiencing a postpartum phenomenon. Scand J Caring Sci 1995;9:235-44.

Ahlborg T, Strandmark M. The baby was the focus of attention - first-time parents' experiences of their intimate relationship. Scand J Caring Sci 2001;15:318-25.

Dipietro JA, Irizarry RA, Costigan KA, Gurewitsch ED. The psychophysiology of the maternal-fetal relationship. Psychophysiology 2004;41:510-20.

Mercer RT. A theoretical framework for studying factors that impact on the maternal role. Nurs Res 1981;30:73-7.

Mercer RT, Ferketich SL. Maternal-infant attachment of experienced and inexperienced mothers during infancy. Nurs Res 1994;43:344-51.

Mercer RT, Ferketich SL, DeJoseph J, May KA, Sollid D. Effect of stress on family functioning during pregnancy. Nurs Res 1988;37:268-75.

Zins JE, Elias MJ. Social and emotional learning: Promoting the development of all students. J EducPsycholConsult 2007;17: 233-55.

Simpson JA, Rholes WS, Campbell L, Tran S, Wilson CL. Adult attachment, the transition to parenthood, and depressive symptoms. J Pers Soc Psychol 2003; 84:1172-87.

Nicolson P. Loss, happiness and postpartum depression: The ultimate paradoxCanPsychol1999:40; 162-178.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.